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【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图1)

【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图2)

原文期刊:《经济学人》

  原文标题:The dash from cash

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本文选自《经济学人》2019年8月3日刊出的一篇文章,原英文标题为The dash from cash。本文围绕“现金支付向数字支付的转变”进行讨论,文章指出,该转变为大势所趋,但数字支付利弊兼具,因此政府应采取措施,以完成现金支付向数字支付的平稳过渡。

【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图3)

【行文脉络】提出话题(第一段)——阐释话题(第二段)——分析原因(第三段)——分析利弊(第四至五段)——提出建议(第六至八段)

【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图4)

Part 1

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原文

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ⅠFor the past 3,000 years, when people thought of money they thought of cash. From buying food to settling bills, day-to-day dealings involved creased paper or clinking coins. Over the past decade, however, digital payments have taken off. 

ⅡCountries are eliminating cash at varying speeds. But the direction of travel is clear, and in some cases the journey is nearly complete. In Sweden the number of retail cash transactions per person has fallen by 80% in the past ten years. Cash accounts for just 6% of purchases by value in Norway. Outside the rich world, cash is still king. But even there its dominance is being eroded.  

ⅢCash is dying out because of two forces. One is demand — younger consumers want payment systems that plug seamlessly into their digital lives. But equally important is that suppliers such as banks and tech firms and telecoms companies are developing fast, easy-to-use payment technologies from which they can pull data and fees. There is a high cost to running the infrastructure behind the cash economy—ATMs, vans carrying notes, tellers who accept coins. 

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ⅣIn the main the prospect of a cashless economy is excellent news. Cash is inefficient. In rich countries, minting, sorting, storing and distributing it is estimated to cost about 0.5% of GDP. But that does not begin to count the gains. When payments dematerialise, people and shops are less vulnerable to theft. Governments can keep closer tabs on fraud or tax evasion. Digitalisation vastly expands the playground of small businesses and sole traders by enabling them to sell beyond their borders. It also creates a credit history, helping consumers borrow.  

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ⅤYet set against these benefits are a bundle of worries. Electronic payment systems may be vulnerable to technical failures, power blackouts and cyber-attacks. In a cashless economy the poor, the elderly and country folk may be left behind. And replacing cash, an anonymous payment method, with a digital system could let private titans exploit their personal data.

ⅥThese problems have three remedies. First, governments need to ensure that central banks’ monopoly over coins and notes is not replaced by private monopolies over digital money. They should urge banks to offer cheap, instant, bank-to-bank digital transfers between deposit accounts, as in Sweden and the Netherlands. 

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ⅦSecond, governments should maintain banks’ obligation to keep customer information private, so that the payment system remains anonymous. Digital firms that use this system to offer services should be free to monetise transaction data, through, for example, advertising, so long as their business model is made explicit to users.

ⅧLast, the phase-out of cash should be gradual. For a period of ten years, banks should be obliged to accept and distribute cash in populated areas. This will buy governments time to help the poor open bank accounts, educate the elderly and beef up internet access in rural areas. The rush towards digital money is the result of spontaneous demand and innovation. To pocket all the rewards, governments need to prepare for the day when creased bank notes change hands for the last time.

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Part 2

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词汇短语

1.settle [ˈsetl] v. 结账

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2.day-to-day [ˈdeɪtəˈdeɪ] adj. 每天的;日常的

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3.dealing [ˈdi:lɪŋ] n. 买卖;交易

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4.*crease [kri:s] v. 弄皱;(使)起褶子

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5.*clink [klɪŋk] v. (使)叮当作响

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6.payment [ˈpeɪmənt] n. 付款;付款额

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【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图5)

【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图6)

【考研英语】同源文详解169期:飞速淘汰现金作文猜押|重磅!2020中考英语作文名师押题(附范文),还未中考的一定要看看!(图7)

押题1:地摊经济

7.take off (观念、产品等)迅速流行

8.eliminate [ɪˈlɪmɪneɪt] v. 淘汰

2020年可以经济不景气,连带着众多人员失业,工资却不见增长,大家为了生活拼命的奔波,物价却一直在上升,为了带动经济发展,所以直接出明文可以释放地摊经济(stall economy)。请根下面所示,写一篇100词左右的短文,谈谈“地摊经济”的利与弊。

一、地摊经济有哪些好处呢?

1.更大的促进了灵活就业。

2.降低创业(entrepreneurship)成本(至少不会付高房租)

9.complete [kəmˈpli:t] adj. 完成;结束

10.retail [ˈri:teɪl] n. 零售

3.增加老百姓生活便捷,让老百姓生活更加丰富多彩。

4.空余时间可以用来增加收入。

5.消费者在衣食有了多种选择,有了更多的竞争,因为地摊成本相对实体店要低很多,可能会变相地降低消费者地生活成本。

二、以前取消地摊经济主要原因是:为了创建卫生城市,地摊经济被严重打压。看似城市整洁了,但是却影响到一部分人的生活。地摊活跃起来了,会不会出现大批商家占道经营,影响到路人通行,还需要一段时间来验证。

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11.transaction [trænˈzækʃn] n. (一笔)交易

【参考范文】

The stall economy can get a job quickly. Reduce the cost of entrepreneurship, increase the convenience of people's life, and make people's life more colorful. Spare time can be used to increase income. Consumers have a variety of choices in food and clothing, with more competition, because the cost of land stall is much lower than that of physical stores.

In the past, the main reason for canceling the stall economy was that in order to create a healthy city, the stall economy was severely suppressed. It seems that the city is clean, but it affects some people's lives.

12.account for (数量上、比例上)占

13.purchase [ˈpɜ:tʃəs] n. 所购之物

14.value [ˈvælju:] n. (商品)价值

15.dominance ['dɒmɪnəns] n. 支配地位;主导权

When the stall becomes active, whether there will be a large number of businesses taking up the road and affecting the passage of passers-by. It will take a while to prove.

押题2:新冠病毒

16.erode [ɪˈrəʊd] v. 削弱

17.die out 灭绝;消失

18.force [fɔ:s] n. 力量大的人(或事物)

一场突如其来的疫情,打乱了我们原本平静的生活。这是一场全世界、全人类的战役。守在家里的我们,早已迫不及待地想出门走一走。但在这场战役的攻坚阶段,我们能做的就是时时刻刻注意防护,减少外出,戴好口罩,勤洗手等等。

假如你是李华,请给远在澳大利亚的好友Jenny 写一封80-100词的电子邮件,告诉她国内新型冠状病毒肺炎的现状以及你是如何防护的?同时也请表达中国人民必胜的信念。

19.plug [plʌg] v. 封堵

1. What is the current situation of new coronavirus pneumonia in China?

  plug into 把(插头)插进(插座)

20.seamlessly ['si:mlisli] adv. 无缝地;衔接完美地

2. How do you protect yourself?

21.supplier [səˈplaɪə(r)] n. 供应商

3. Do you have the confidence to win?

22.telecom ['telɪkɒm] n. 电信(telecommunication的简写)

提示词语:wear a mask, go out less, wash hands frequently

23.pull [pʊl] v. 拿出;抽出

24.infrastructure [ˈɪnfrəstrʌktʃə(r)] n. (国家或机构的)基础设施

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【参考范文】

Dear Jenny,

A sudden outbreak of the disease has disrupted our peaceful life. This is a battle for the whole world, for all mankind.

25.*van [væn] n. (厢式)中小型货车

26.teller [ˈtelə(r)] n. 提款机

Now, thousands of people have been infected by this disease, including some doctors and nurses. Chinese government has took measures to fight against the disease. In Wuhan, two new hospitals were built to treat more patients. In order to protect myself, I seldom go out. If I have to go out, I will wear a mask. And I must wash hands frequently.

I believe that we will win at last, because we work together and we try our best.

27.in the main 大体上;基本上

28.*mint [mɪnt] v. 铸(币)

Yours,

Li Hua

29.distribute [dɪˈstrɪbju:t] v. 分送

30.count [kaʊnt] v. 把...算入;包括

31.gain [geɪn] n. 利益

32.dematerialise [di:mə'tɪərɪəlaɪz] v. (使)丧失物质形态

押题3:***

21世纪,许多发明改变了我们的生活,智能***( smart phone)的出现以及对我们生活产生了巨大的影响,作为一名中学生,谈谈你对智能***使用的看法。请你根据下面提示,写一篇短文。内容包括:

33.vulnerable [ˈvʌlnərəbl] adj. 易受伤害的

1. 智能***使用的现状

2. 智能***对生活的的影响;(包活优点和缺点)

34.keep close tab on sb/sth 监视;密切注视

35.fraud [frɔ:d] n. 欺骗罪

3. 呼吁大家合理使用智能***

36.evasion [ɪˈveɪʒn] n. 规避

37.vastly [ˈvɑ:stli] adv. 很大程度上;极大地

38.sole [səʊl] adj. (控制权或所有权)唯一的;独占的

39.set sth against sth 权衡利弊(或优缺点)

40.bundle [ˈbʌndl] n. 捆;束;包

a bundle of 大量;广泛

41.blackout [ˈblækaʊt] n. 断电;停电

要求:

1. 不得照抄原文:不得在作文中出现学校的真实名称和学生的真实姓名

42.leave behind 把...抛在后面;超过

43.anonymous [əˈnɒnɪməs] adj. 不记名的;不具名的

2. 语句连贯,词数80—100 。

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【参考范文】

44.*titan [ˈtaɪtn] n. 巨人

45.exploit [ɪkˈsplɔɪt] v. 利用(...为自己谋利)

46.remedy [ˈremədi] n. 改进措施

47.monopoly [məˈnɒpəli] n. 专营服务;垄断

48.urge [ɜ:dʒ] v. 敦促

As we all know, smart phones are becoming more and more popular and they are playing an important role in our daily life. There is no doubt that we have benefited a lot from smart phones.We can read news,watch films,take photos,chat with friends,keep in touch with our relatives,or play games to get relaxed.

49.transfer [trænsˈfɜ:(r)] n. 转账

50.deposit [dɪˈpɒzɪt] n. 存款

51.maintain [meɪnˈteɪn] v. 维持;保持

But every coin has two sides.Smart phones also have bad effects on people.They are very common for young people to lower down their heads to check on smart phones.They don't have face−to−face communication with others,which is not good.What's worse,more and more students are so addicted to playing games using their smart phones that their grades have gone down.

52.obligation [ˌɒblɪˈgeɪʃn] n. 义务;责任

53.monetise ['mʌnɪtaɪz] v. (通过网络访客)赚钱

54.so long as 只要

As for me, I think we should make good use of smart phones, which is just a tool, not the main part of our life.

55.explicit [ɪkˈsplɪsɪt] adj. 坦诚的;毫不隐晦的

押题4:微信

微信在我们的生活中越来越普及,不管是年轻人还是老年人都喜欢使用微信,请你谈论一下微信给我们生活带来了什么样的改变,它有什么样的优缺点?

要点:

56.phase [feɪz] v. 分阶段进行;逐步做

1、微信已成为我们生活中的一部分。无论是年轻人还是老年人都在使用微信。

2、微信有什么好处呢?例如:快速发送信息;可以立刻和朋友分享音乐、照片、视频等;可以直接发送语音信息;可以当成地图使用;可以快速付款等等。

3、但是无论年轻人还是老年人,使用微信太久,对眼睛有害;微信占据了人们大量地时间,人们很少进行户外运动或者和家人一起运动游玩,对身体无益。

4、正确使用微信,让它使我们的生活更美好。

5、字数:100字左右。

phase-out 逐步废除

57.oblige [əˈblaɪdʒ] v. (形势、规定或法律)强迫;迫使

参考词汇:voice message(语音信息)  take up(占据)

58.populate [ˈpɒpjuleɪt] v. 居住于

要求:包含要点,适当加入自己的观点。

59.buy [baɪ] v. (争取或付出一定代价以)获得;赢得

Wechat in our life

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________

【参考范文】

60.beef [bi:f] v. 不断抱怨

beef up 加强;提高

61.spontaneous [spɒnˈteɪniəs] adj. 自发的;非筹划安排的

62.pocket [ˈpɒkɪt] v. 赢得;获得

63.change hands 换主人;转手

(标星号为超纲词汇)

Part 3

翻译点评

ⅠFor the past 3,000 years, when people thought of money they thought of cash. From buying food to settling bills, day-to-day dealings involved creased paper or clinking coins. Over the past decade, however, digital payments have taken off. 

【翻译】:在过去三千年中,人们想到钱便想到了现金。从买食物到付账单,日常交易要用皱巴巴的纸币或叮当作响的硬币。然而,过去十年间,数字支付迅速流行起来。

【点评】:首段昔今对比,指出现金支付方式已向数字支付方式转变。

Wechat in our life

主要逻辑衔接:首句介绍昔日情形,指出现金支付的长期主导地位。第二句论证首句,举例说明过去三千年中现金支付在日常生活方方面面的主导地位(From...to...)。第三句转折,介绍新现象——近十多年来数字支付兴起。

核心关键词:①digital payments have taken off(数字支付迅速流行起来)。

Wechat gradually comes into our life and Whether the young or the old, we use WeChat. Wechat is a mobile phone software of chatting , which can through the Internet send voice messages, video, images and text,We can make new friends from the wechat. We can communicate with our friends, which can help us get short messages, pictures and so on .We can use it as a map and help us pay the bill. Every coin has two sides, Wechat has brought us both convenience and troubles. We may often lose ourselves in the wechat, and controlled by wechat in some degree, So we seldom have time to exercise with our family. It is bad for our eyes if we use it for a long time. There are countless people walk or drive with head down, then leaded to a disaster. We should use it correctly in order to make our life better.

押题5:校规

ⅡCountries are eliminating cash at varying speeds. But the direction of travel is clear, and in some cases the journey is nearly complete. In Sweden the number of retail cash transactions per person has fallen by 80% in the past ten years. Cash accounts for just 6% of purchases by value in Norway. Outside the rich world, cash is still king. But even there its dominance is being eroded.  

【翻译】:多个国家正在以不同的速度淘汰现金。但是发展的方向很明了,而且某些国家此过程已接近完成。过去十年中,瑞典零售业人均现金交易量下降了百分之八十。挪威现金交易额在总交易额中仅占百分之六。在发达国家以外,现金依然是王道。但即使在这些地区,现金的主导地位也在减弱。

同学们,中考过后,你们即将告别亲爱的母校。回首三年的母校生活,学校里的很多规则 有助于你的健康成长。你能谈一谈你们学校的校规吗?你对这些校规有何看法?你对母校有 哪些合理化建议?请你以My school rules为题写一篇短文。

【点评】:第二段从发达国家与非发达国家两方面,综合说明数字支付在世界范围内兴起。

要求:1. 语言表达准确,语意通顺、连贯;

主要逻辑衔接:首句让步,承认不同国家处于支付方式转变的不同阶段。第二句转折,前半句指出现金支付向数字支付转变是世界各国的共同趋势,后半句既是递进,亦论证前半句,以某些国家支付转变几近完成说明该转变的乐观前景。第三、四句以瑞典与挪威为例论证第二句后半句,说明数字支付在某些发达国家接近完成。第五、六句以“让步→转折(still king..But even there...)”结构指出,非发达国家中数字支付已动摇现金支付的主导地位,暗示非发达国家数字支付发展的积极态势。

2. 书写工整、规范;

核心关键词:①the direction of travel is clear(发展的方向很明了)。

ⅢCash is dying out because of two forces. One is demand — younger consumers want payment systems that plug seamlessly into their digital lives. But equally important is that suppliers such as banks and tech firms and telecoms companies are developing fast, easy-to-use payment technologies from which they can pull data and fees. There is a high cost to running the infrastructure behind the cash economy—ATMs, vans carrying notes, tellers who accept coins. 

【长难句分析】

    But equally important is that suppliers such as banks and tech firms and telecoms companies are developing fast, easy-to-use payment technologies from which they can pull data and fees.

3. 根据所给内容,请做适当发挥;

分析:本句为倒装结构,句子主干为“主系表”结构。equally important为表语,位于句首起强调作用,is为系动词,that suppliers...fees为主语从句。that引导的主语从句主干为“suppliers are developing payment technologies”,such as...companies举例说明suppliers所指企业类型,from which...fees为定语从句,修饰technologies。

【翻译】:逐渐淘汰现金是因为两股力量的影响。一种是需求——更年轻的消费者想拥有和其数字生活无缝衔接的支付系统。但同样重要的是,诸如银行、科技公司与电信公司等供应商正在开发便捷、易于使用的支付技术,这些企业不仅能从中获取服务费用,还能获取数据。现金经济体系的基础设施——自动提款机、运钞车、接受硬币的提款机——运行成本高昂。

【点评】:第三段从需求与供应两方面介绍数字支付逐渐取代现金支付的原因。

主要逻辑衔接:首句概括指出现金支付的消亡源于两方面原因。第二句从用户角度指出数字支付方式的现实需要:年轻的消费者惯于使用电子设备,希望有一种与此适应的数字支付方式。第三句从供应商角度指出数字支付兴起的现实基础:为了进一步盈利,供应商在开发便捷的数字支付技术;定语从句“from w

4. 词数80左右。文章的题目和开头已给出,不计入总词数。

My school rules

We have many rules in our school.      ________________________________________

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