大作文话题类型：1. 网络；2. 个人方面；3. 环境类；4. 文化类；5. 社会现象话题包括：1. 网络类（网购、网络暴力、电子支付等现象）；2.个人方面（诚信、正确面对压力、铺张浪费、创新、幸福等）3. 环境类（节约型社会、环境保护等）4.文化类（文化传承、文化融合、汉语的普及等）5. 社会现象（高铁霸座、明星个人素质等引发的话题、过度包装、就业、压力、学术造假、献爱心）
▶社会问题1.最近，我们经常听到贫富差距扩大了的说法。一些人认为发达世界完全忽略了这个问题。These days we often hear about the widening gap between the rich and poor. Some argue that developed world has totally ignored the problem.2.也许当今困扰国家的最危险的现象是遍布各级政府的官员……。Perhaps the most dangerous phenomenon gripping the nation today is official corruption, which is pervasive in all levels of government.3.现在，中国面临的两大挑战是保持持续的经济增长和靠世界上仅仅百分之七的可耕地养活仍在增长的12亿人口。尽管遇到的困难很大，中国人无疑会表现出不知疲倦的活力，在两方面都取得巨大成功。The two major challenges facing China today center on maintaining sustained economic growth and feeding its growing population of over 12 billion people with only seven percent of the world's cultivable land. Despite the monumental difficulties involved, Chinese people will undoubtedly exhibit their indefatigable resilience and achieve great success in both regards.4.历史上，人口过剩的问题从来没有比现在更加突出。Never before in history has the issue of over population been more evident than now.5.事实上，我们达到最终的目标还有很长的路要走，但是，取得一些成绩还是可能做到的。We do, in fact,have a long way to go to reach our final goal, but achieving some remains well within the realm of possibility.6.一位著名的思想家曾经写道：“对人类最大的威胁是人类自身!”如果事实确实如此，那么，现状应该促使我们对我们未来的生存进行思索了。A famous thinker once wrote that "the greatest threat to mankind is mankind itself!" If this is indeed the case, then the current situation should make us ponder our future existence.▶个人成功1.对人们行为的多年观察使我能够得出这样的结论：平庸和成功的主要区别仅仅在于相关的个人。成功的个人不断寻求进步，而他们比较懒惰的同时代人仅仅满足于现状。Years of observing human behavior has enabled me to conclude that the major difference between mediocrity and success lies solely with the individual concerned. Successful individuals consistently seek advancement, while their less industrious contemporaries are merely content with the status quo.2.获得成功说起来比做起来容易，然而坚持不懈确实会有好结果。成功人士的最重要的特征之一是自信，第二是渴望，还有一个是决心。While achieving success is easier said than done, persistence does in fact pay off. One of the most important traits of a successful person is self-confidence, another is desire, and still another is determination.3.声称缺少机会不过是敷衍失败的借口。通常，失败最根本的原因是相关的个人本身缺乏动力。Claiming a lack of opportunities is nothing more than a superficial excuse for justifying failure. The fundamental reason for failure is most often the lack of drive on the part of the individual involved.4.微软的创始人比尔·盖茨是成功的经典范例。Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft, is a classic example of success.5.历史上有很多值得称赞和效法的伟人。History abounds with great men worthy of adulation and emulation.▶锻炼身体什么引发了人们对锻炼越来越浓的兴趣?一方面，人们更加清楚地意识到保持身体健康的必要性。另一方面，不断提高的生活水平使中国人能够支付增加的娱乐支出。最主要的可能在于锻炼带来的保健和心理上的好处。What has sparked the increasing interest in exercise? For one thing, people have gained a greater awareness of the need for physical fitness. For another, the constantly improving standard of living enables Chinese people to patronize the increasing number of recreational venues. The main thing perhaps centers on the health care and psychological benefits exercise provides.▶青少年发展1.对上升的少年自杀率的解释涉及很多复杂的因素。有的人把上升的原因归结为过分强调少年时期的成功，有的人指出是因为不断增长的同伴之间的压力，还有人认为是对不断变化的社会价值的迷茫造成的。The explanation for the phenomenon of the rising teenage suicide rate involves many complicated factors. Some attribute the rise to an overemphasis on early success, others point to mounting peer pressure,and still others to confusion over changing social values.2.儿童的发展取决于很多因素，包括生理的和心理的。从婴儿期到青春期的正确的家长教育决定一个成熟的个人的体质及智力的状况。Child development depends on a number of factors, both physical and psychological. Correct parental nurturing from infancy through adolescence determines both the physical and mental profile of a mature individual.3.数据显示模仿的犯罪行为有大幅度的增加，这证明电视暴力是犯罪增加的一部分直接原因。Television violence has contributed directly to rising crime,as evidenced by statistics showing a dramatic rise in copycat crimes.▶社会美德1.如今人类最常见的一个不足是不说真话。人们必须意识到不说真话、说谎话在过去没有，事实上，将来也永远不会变错误为正确。One of the most common failures of people today is to avoid telling the truth.People must realize that avoidance and lying have never in the past and, in fact, never will right a wrong.2.无论成功的决心多么坚定，成功的要求多么强烈，一个人永远不能丧失他/她的道德和社会觉悟。However great the will to achieve, and however great the demand to succeed, one should never abandon his/her moral and social consciousness.3.想象一下如果我们稍微多关心一下我们的同胞，世界将变得多美好。Just imagine how great the word would be if we would only exhibit greater concern for our fellowman.4.一个人仅仅为了帮助别人而愿意完全放弃生活的舒适是很罕见的。It is rare to find a person willing to totally abandon the comforts of life simply to help others.5.个人经验告诉我：和善地对待别人会得到数不清的好处。Personal experience has taught that kindness to others pays untold dividends.6.我们必须避免过分放纵和铺张浪费。相反，我们应该继续发扬节俭的优点以守护我们新获得的繁荣。We must avoid overindulgence and conspicuous consumption. We must instead continue to recognize the benefits of thrift in order to protect our new found prosperity.第三部分：作文范文话题一：网络类（网购、网络暴力、电子支付等现象）
Having learned that you are interested in the trash-sorting program promoted recently in China, I am here writing to give you a brief introduction.
As far as I know, Shanghai has become the pioneer of our country's waste sorting policy. As of July 1st this year, the residents in Shanghai have not been able to dump their waste bags in whichever bin was closest. On the contrary, domestic waste is required to be classified into four categories: dry refuse, wet trash, recyclable waste and hazardous(dangerous) waste.
Faced with the new rule, many citizens in Shanghai are finding it a little too complicated, with every item of waste now under careful scrutiny(examination) and classification. Still, there are more people who warmly support the policy because it helps people to cultivate greener lifestyle habits and helps China to become a more beautiful country.
As we all know , the time of 5G technology is coming , it is called the fourth industrial revolution , future of computer science lies in the artificial intelligence，it is the research and artificial simulation of human thought and eventually be able to make a human like to think the same machine , for human services and to help people solve problems.
After all, people thought it was unique, there are feelings, there are a variety of character, this will be very difficult to achieve in the machine.In fact, to do the same as the human thinking machine, the only one of the artificial intelligence, is by no means all. Through the study of artificial intelligence, it can resolve all kinds of scientific problems, promote the development of other science will have a great impact on all people's lives .
I believe that the science of artificial intelligence is waiting for humanity to explore it step by step.
假如你是李华Li Hua，你的英国朋友Peter给你发来微信，想了解一下你的家乡自“十九大(the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China)”以来所发生的变化，请你用英文给他回复。
内容如下：1.精准扶贫(targeted poverty reduction)，效果良好；2.环境保护得到了明显改善。
I'm glad that you are caring about the development of my hometown. Now I will tell you something about it.
Great changes have taken place since the19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The targeted poverty reduction has reached its ideal aims. Many poor families have got effective help from local government and have improved their life greatly. Many old houses are replaced by new tall buildings which are surrounded with green trees and colourful flowers. The rivers that had been polluted seriously before are getting clearer and clearer. Besides, all kinds of fishes return the rivers. The sky is filled with white and cleaner clouds.
Please come to visit my hometown in the near future.
The Advantages of Online Payment
Online payment has been advocated around the world, which is the future way to pay bills. In China, Alipay is popular everywhere, even the small business can be finished by this advanced way. People play the joke that they don’t need to worry about the lack of cash. The advantages of online payment are obvious.
Firstly, it saves people’s time to pay bills. The use of online payment is carried out with a smart phone. Especially when we go to the supermarket, there are always a lot of people waiting in the long line. The process of costing customers’ time is to take out the cash or use the credit card, because both customers and cashiers need to count the money or check the bills. But now the cashier can just scan the phone and the bill will be paid and the customer can check quickly.
Second, people don’t have to worry about getting the fake cash. Many years ago, people were easy to get fake money as they received the change. But now, as the cash have been used less, people won’t receive the fake cash without paper money. With the development of new applications, our life will be much convenient.
Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring.
30% of us thinkspace exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problems such as starvation and pollution.
On the other hand, 70% thinkspace is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it, such as using satellites for communication and weather forecast. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth.
I'm glad to hear from you. And now I’m very happy to share something about Chinese tea culture in reply to your last e-mail.
Chinese tea culture started about 4,000 years ago and drinking tea gradually became an amazing tradition. In China, people drink tea almost everywhere and in most of their spare time. Some Chinese believe that tea benefits people’s health a lot. Drinking a cup of tea makes people relaxed and refreshed. Others treat guests or friends to tea drinking in social communication.
Probably, you’ve got a general picture of tea culture after my introduction. Then, how about coming to China to experience it yourself? Maybe, you will fall in love with it.
假如你是李华，你的美国笔友David准备组织一个“走进中国（Approach to China”的活动，他写信请你帮忙策划一下活动内容并介绍一下有中国特色的元素，以便让他的同学更好地了解中国。请你用英文写一封回信。
参考词汇：一带一路倡议 One Belt and One Road Initiative；吉祥物 mascot
I’m glad to know that you are launching a campaign “Approach to China” aiming to introduce your peers to a thriving China and be of some help.
From my perspective, the activities may range from Chinese calligraphy competition to paper cutting, martial arts, appreciation of Beijing Opera and so on. As for Chinese elements, the Great Wall with a long history symbolizes the national fighting spirits while high-speed railway representing the cutting-edge technology takes the lead in the world. China’s booming economy is marked with mobile payment and One Belt and One Road Initiative.
By the way, mascots like pandas and Monkey King will enjoy great popularity among participants.
Wish your campaign a success.
参考词汇：2022北京-张家口冬奥会 2022 Beijing-Zhangjiakou Winter Olympic Games
My name is Li Hua. I would like to work as volunteer for 2022 Beijing-Zhangjiakou Winter Olympic Games. I'm a boy of eighteen years old from a high school. My spoken English is good and I can communicate with foreigners fluently. What’s more, I have other advantages – I'm especially fond of sports, familiar with Beijing, good at communication and always glad to help other. I'm willing to provide the best service for every athlete in Winter Olympic Games. Therefore, I think I'm suitable for serving the Games.
I would appreciate it if you could offer me the chance to be a volunteer. Thank you!
How to reduce pressure from our studyWe all know the old saying：“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” That’s why I’d like to share___________________
How to reduce pressure from our study
We all know the old saying:"All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." That's why I'd like to share my opinions about how to reduce pressure from our study.
First, we need enough sleep at night because staying up too late is bad for our health. Second, we must take some sports as sports activities help build a strong body for us to face our daily study. In addition, we may have our parents plan an occasional short holiday since a holiday is a welcome relief from the pressure of work.
Only when we are healthy and energetic can we become prepared for